First do no harm – An open letter from health professionals and scientists to the UK Prime Minister & First Ministers of the home nations

First do no harm – An open letter from health professionals and scientists to the UK Prime Minister & First Ministers of the home nations

by ThinkScotland
article from Wednesday 2, December, 2020

An open letter signed by nearly 500 health professionals and scientists has been sent to the Boris Johnson, Nicola Sturgeon and Mark Drakeford. The letter, entitled “First do no harm” – the medical principle that a cure must never be worse than the disease itself – argues that Covid measures are disproportionate and are causing more harm than good. It was organised by “UsForThem”, a campaign group consisting of thousands of parents across the four home nations, who believe that children’s interests should be put first in any decisions impacting them. It was supported by the Covid Recovery Group, a group of MPs who oppose harsh Covid restrictions. 

WE THE UNDERSIGNED British health professionals and scientists, wish to express our serious concern about the current situation regarding the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The management of the crisis has become disproportionate and is now causing more harm than good.

We urge policy makers to remember that this pandemic, like all pandemics, will eventually pass but the social and psychological damage that it is causing, risks becoming permanent.

We call for restoration of our normal democratic governance and for politicians to be independently and critically informed in the decision-making process.  After the initial justifiable response to Covid-19, the evidence base now shows a different picture.  We have the knowledge to enable a policy that protects the elderly and vulnerable without increasing all other health and economic harms and which is not at the expense our whole way of life and particularly that of the nation’s children. 

‘First do no harm’ is a basic tenet of medical ethics, understanding that a cure must never be worse than the disease itself.  However, there is increasing evidence that the collateral damage now being caused to the population will have a far greater impact in the short and long term, on all sections of the population, than the number of people now being safeguarded from Covid-19.  In our opinion, the current measures, and the strict penalties for non-compliance, are contrary to the values formulated by Public Health England, which states, ‘We exist to protect and improve the nation's health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities’ [1].

We have somehow reached a situation where the whole of life in Britain, as in many countries, has focused on a single condition and one which is now endemic.  ‘Zero’ Covid is not a realistic option in a global world.   In this letter, we highlight many other areas of health and well-being that are now largely overlooked.  We also look at an alternative strategy which we believe can best protect the vulnerable, whilst allowing most people to return to near normal life and provide references to just some of the many scientific papers which explain why we have reached this conclusion.

Our current knowledge about covid-19 

At the beginning of the pandemic, the WHO predicted a disease that if uncontained would spread to maybe 50 per cent of the world’s population claiming 3.4 per cent victims, in other words millions of deaths by a highly contagious novel virus for which no pre-existing immunity or vaccine was available.  Measures were understandable and widely supported, as there was concern that unprecedented pressure would be placed on our hospitals.  Thus, the stated purpose of the initial lockdown was to “flatten the curve” and protect the NHS[2].  Hospitals rose to the occasion, Nightingale Hospitals were built, no one died for lack of intensive care facilities - a huge credit to the staff of the NHS. 

Gradually, as our knowledge has accumulated, it has become clear that objective facts show a different reality.  The known global infection rate to date stands at less than 1 per cent of the world population [3].  The true mortality rate is also over-estimated as we now know that many people have very mild or no symptoms and were thus not included in the testing regime at the start of the pandemic in the UK or elsewhere.  We also know that serious disease and indeed death are linked to older age and pre-existing health conditions [4] , so it is on protecting this group that we should be concentrating. 

It has also become clearer that the pandemic has not exhibited truly exponential growth; rather, it has been shown to follow a classic Gompertz curve from the very early stages of each outbreak [5].  The Gompertz curve is used as the classic model of population dynamics in conditions where there is some limiting factor to the rate of growth.  In the case of Covid-19 this observation supports the theory that a level of pre-existing immunity was present in the population prior to lockdown, thus limiting the spread of infection.  This pre-existing immunity is probably due to immunity to common cold viruses which, in 40-60 per cent of individuals, is thought to give some protection against Sars-CoV-2.  In addition, we now know that exposure to the virus, even without symptoms, generates robust cellular immunity that is likely to have a long duration [6] [7].  Consequently, measurements of antibody prevalence in populations almost certainly give a serious underestimate of both exposure and immunity. It is vital we build on this immunity that is developing naturally in the population.  Perversely population lockdowns could impede this process. Indeed, new evidence published this week, reports the potential increase in total deaths resulting from school and university closures. [8].  We also know a lot more about effective ways to treat Covid-19, such as early use of anticlotting agents and dexamethasone, plus avoidance of invasive ventilation. Evidence from both Germany and the UK show a significantly lower in-hospital mortality rate in the later stages of the epidemic [9],[10].  

Waiting for a vaccine 

This would appear to be the government’s main exit plan and is a strategy fraught with risk.  Any vaccine is unlikely to give complete protection against the virus and any protection may only be of short duration.  A vaccine is also unlikely to provide superior protection to immunity that is developing naturally.  Thus, a vaccine is only one tool to help limit viral spread and alone will not eliminate the disease.  We feel these facts have not been made clear to the general public, many of whom view a vaccine as a simple solution to the pandemic [11].   

Widely publicised data is exaggerating the current risk 

Widespread population testing using PCR is distorting the current risk.  Use of such a test in a clinical situation (as in pillar 1) was very helpful as a rapid screen but the testing strategy now seems to be driving policy.  The problem of functional false positive rates has still not been addressed and particularly in the context of low prevalence of disease whereby false positives are likely to exceed true positives substantially and moreover correlate poorly with the person being infectious [12], [13].  Alongside this we have the issue that it is normal to see an increase in illness and deaths during the winter months.  This is well known in the case of pneumonia and influenza. Any increase in positive cases and deaths therefore needs to be presented in the context of the normal seasonal illness/death rate.  It is notable that UK death rate is currently sitting around average for this time of year [14].  The use of the term ‘second wave’ is therefore misleading.

Adverse consequences of current measures in adults 

Social isolation has led to an increase in depression, anxiety, suicides, intra-family violence and child abuse [15].  Fear and persistent stress have a proven negative influence on psychological and general health [16].  Yet fear seems to be the main strategy for inducing compliance with government measures, whether fear of contagion, fear of prosecution or indeed calling on neighbours to report transgressors to the police, leading to further societal fracturing.  The way in which Covid-19 has been portrayed by politicians and the media has done little to promote well-being.  Metaphors invoking war and an invisible enemy have been widespread, together with phrases such as ‘care heroes in the front line’ and ‘corona victims’, fueling the idea that we are dealing with a global ‘killer virus’.  Pervasive ‘stay safe’ messages give the impression that normal life has become perilously dangerous.  The relentless daily presentation of the rising death toll was unleashed on the population in March, without interpreting those figures, without comparing them to flu deaths in other years, without comparing them to deaths from other causes.  As death rates fell, the media swapped to highlighting rising ‘cases’.  This coverage has induced unparalleled levels of fear in the population and, in particular, indoctrinates young children with a negative and potentially damaging narrative.  Widespread use of masks may well be adding to fear but this is not being considered, despite limited scientific evidence of benefit [17]. 

The NHS has been all but shut to non-Covid conditions and delays in diagnosis have been highlighted in general practice [18]and this is beginning to be revealed in rising waiting lists for cancer diagnosis and treatment [19] and excess non-Covid deaths [20]  Moreover, the huge adverse effect on the economy and people’s livelihoods will have its own effect on increasing poverty and the health consequences of that, widening the gap between rich and poor [21], [22], [23].

Adverse effects on children and young people 

As a demographic, children are disproportionately affected by the restrictions.  Effects on children are particularly concerning especially knowing their extremely low likelihood of serious disease and the small part they play in viral transmission [24].  The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health has reported delays in referral for diabetes, cancer and child protection issues [25].  Development and growth are also hampered through reduced social and family interaction, exacerbated by the ‘Rule of 6’.  Reduced access to learning in schools, educational groups, extra-curricular activities, sport, nurseries and baby classes, all impact on children’s physical health and on their mental health [26].  Parents at many primary schools are now being asked to wear masks when collecting their children, so despite spending months explaining that this virus is not dangerous to kids or young adults, we are graphically showing them the reverse, adding to levels of fear. 

Widespread and excessive testing in educational settings is having an additional impact, exacerbating these issues.  The parent group UsforThem has evidence of wide variation in how self-isolation rules are applied, with some schools sending home children with minor coughs and colds who are then refused re-entry to school without a negative test.  Whole year groups are sometimes being sent home for a single ‘positive’ test but with no knowledge whether the child in question is truly infectious [27].  The emotional, physical and economic impact of such measures on young people and families is unparalleled [28].

Lack of leadership and varied interpretation of guidance by individual educational settings, has resulted in the adoption of disproportionate Covid measures in large numbers of schools, nurseries and other childcare settings.  Many of them raise serious issues of child welfare and safeguarding. The lack of any credible milestones to return to normal, cast-iron, full-time schooling, risks causing irreversible harm to the socio-educational prospects of a generation of children [29].  

Another way forward 

At present, there appears to be no clear exit strategy, other than waiting for a vaccine.  It is clear that this virus has become endemic, yet current ‘protective’ measures are causing avoidable and likely long-term harm to society as a whole.  People’s health, quality of life and livelihoods are in peril for a disease with a mortality rate comparable to many other diseases that befall us.

We welcome the proposals by many respected medical professionals in recent open letters [30], [31], [32] in this regard and we ask the government to urgently consider the following strategy: 

  1. Acceptance that Covid-19 will remain as one of several winter viruses. 
  2. Public restrictions should be informed by a broad range of independent scientific and medical views, assessed on a benefit to harm ratio and debated in parliament before implementation.   
  3. Urgently address the unreliability of PCR testing, by adhering to a published cycle threshold cut-off.  Discontinue testing of asymptomatic adults and mildly symptomatic children. 
  4. Produce a balanced long-term sustainable plan for dealing with NHS winter pressures.  
  5. Consider fully the impact on children, young adults and family life in consultation with those who have the welfare of these groups at heart. 
  6. Provide factual balanced and contextual advice to the public which allows individuals to manage their own risk.   
  7. Concentrate efforts on supporting and protecting the most vulnerable.  For example, urgently identify health or social care facilities where COVID infected patients can convalesce until no longer infectious, thus avoiding early discharge to care homes.  
  8. Encourage the return to normal life for the less vulnerable members of society with the understanding that this will help to generate population immunity and thus suppress the spread of the virus in the longer term.  

We urge policy makers to remember that this pandemic, like all pandemics, will eventually pass but the social and psychological damage that it is causing, risks becoming permanent. 

Dr Rosamond Jones, MBBS, MD, FRCPCH (paediatrician, grandparent, #UsforThem) 
Dr Charlotte R Bell, MA, VetMB, PhD, MRCVS (immunologist, veterinary surgeon, parent) 
Malcolm Loudon, MB ChB, MD, FRCSEd, FRCS, MIHM (consultant surgeon, parent) 
Christine Padgham MSc (medical physicist, parent)

Co-signatories

Professor Ellen Townsend, Professor of psychology, University of Nottingham, Reachwell.org 

Professor Anthony Brookes, Department of Genetics & Genome Biology, University of Leicester 

Professor Anthony Fryer, Professor of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Keele 

Professor David Livermore, Professor of Medical Microbiology, University of East Anglia 

Professor David King, Emeritus professor of clinical psychopharmacology 

Professor David Paton, Professor of Economics, University of Nottingham 

Professor Keith Willison, Professor of Chemical Biology, Imperial College, London  

Professor Kenneth Strain, Professor of Physics, Glasgow University 

Professor Martin Evison, Emeritus Professor of Pathology 

Professor Mike Hulme, Professor of Human Geography, University of Cambridge 

Professor Richard Ennos, Professor of Biological Sciences, Edinburgh University 

Professor Stephen Cooper, Professor of Psychiatry, retired. Grandparent 

And 478 other health professionals and scientists listed below


[1] https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/public-health-england 

[2] https://metro.co.uk/2020/03/13/must-work-together-stop-coronavirus-deaths-flatten-curve-12391617/ 

[3] https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/ 

[4]https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregisteredweeklyinenglandandwalesprovisional/weekending11september2020#deaths-registered-by-age-group 

[5] Levitt M, Scaiewicz A, Zonta F. Predicting the Trajectory of Any COVID19 Epidemic From the Best Straight Line. https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.06.26.20140814v2 

[6] Le Bert N, Tan AT, Kunasegaran K et al. SARS-CoV-2-specific T cell immunity in cases of COVID-19 and SARS, and uninfected controls. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2550-z 

[7] SekineT, Perez-Potti A, Rivera-Ballesteros O etal. Robust Tcell immunity in convalescent individuals with asymptomatic or mild COVID-19. https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(20)31008-4?fbclid=IwAR3OBYZgaaWBCMYbwyM3yCg2-9r_i0HSImp_WaEQuaXaq6Ffy38UK6nL7vU 

[8] Rice K, Wynne B, Martin V, Ackland G. Effect of school closures on mortality from coronavirus disease 2019: old and new predictions. https://www.bmj.com/content/371/bmj.m3588    

[9] Oke J, Howdon D, Heneghan C. Declining COVID-19 Case Fatality Rates across all ages: analysis of German data.  https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/declining-covid-19-case-fatality-rates-across-all-ages-analysis-of-german-data/ 

[10] Howdon D, Heneghan C. The Declining Case Fatality Ratio in England. https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/the-declining-case-fatality-ratio-in-england/ 

[11] The DELVE Initiative. SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development & Implementation; Scenarios, Options, Key Decisions. https://rs-delve.github.io/reports/2020/10/01/covid19-vaccination-report.html 

[12] Jefferson T & Heneghan C. Viral cultures for COVID-19 infectivity assessment. Systematic reviewhttps://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.08.04.20167932v3 

[13] Jaafar R, Aherfi S, Wurtz N et al. Correlation between 3790 qPCR positives samples and positive cell cultures including 1941 SARS-CoV-2 isolates. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa1491 

[14] Stratton IM. COVID-19 – Florence Nightingale Diagram of UK Deaths.  https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/covid-19-florence-nightingales-daigrams-for-deaths/ 

[15] Urbina-Garcia A. Young Children’s Mental Health: Impact of Social Isolation During The COVID-19 Lockdown and Effective Strategies.https://psyarxiv.com/g549x/download?format=pdf 

[16] American Psychological Association. Stress Weakens the Immune System. https://www.apa.org/research/action/immune 

[17] Huber C. Masks Are Neither Effective Nor Safe: A Summary Of The Science. https://www.technocracy.news/masks-are-neither-effective-nor-safe-a-summary-of-the-science/ 

[18] Williams R, Jenkins DA, Ashcroft DM et al. Diagnosis of physical and mental health conditions in primary care during the COVID-19 pandemic: a retrospective cohort study. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(20)30201-2/fulltext     

[19] Sud A, Torr B, Jones ME et al. Effect of delays in the 2-week-wait cancer referral pathway during the COVID-19 pandemic on cancer survival in the UK: a modelling study. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(20)30392-2/fulltext 

[20] Heneghan C, Howdon H, Oke J, Jefferson T. Interpreting excess mortality in England: week ending 9 October 2020.  https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/22268/ 

[21] Meara ER, Richards S, Cutler DM.  The gap gets bigger: changes in mortality and life expectancy, by education, 1981-2000.   Health Aff (Millwood). 2008;27(2):350-360. https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/10.1377/hlthaff.27.2.350 

[22] Dyson A, Hertzman C, Roberts H, Tunstill J, Vaghri Z. Childhood development, education and health inequalities. http://www.instituteofhealthequity.org/resources-reports/early-years-and-education-task-group-report-/task-group-1-early-years-and-education-full.pdf 

[23] Nabarro D. Covid 'war' will not be won by controlling people, WHO envoy warns as lockdown fears surge. https://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/1346246/Coronavirus-news-lockdown-WHO-envoy-David-Nabarro-controlling 

[24] Ismail SA, Saliba V, Lopez Bernal J, Ramsay ME, Ladhani SN. SARS-CoV-2 infection and transmission in educational settings: cross-sectional analysis of clusters and outbreaks in England. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/911267/School_Outbreaks_Analysis.pdf 

[25] Ladhani S, Viner RM, Lynn RM, Baawuah F, Saliba V, Ramsay ME. Lockdown measures reduced the risk of Covid-19, but had unintended consequences for children. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2020/08/06/lockdown-measures-reduced-the-risk-of-covid-19-but-had-unintended-consequences-for-children/ 

[26] Owens M. Undoing the untold harms of COVID-19 on young people: a call to action. https://reachwell.org/2020/09/10/dr-matthew-owens-undoing-the-untold-harms-of-covid-19-on-young-people-a-call-to-action/ 

[27] Sunil Bhopal. Why send 200 pupils home over one positive Covid test? 

https://www.tes.com/news/why-send-200-pupils-home-over-one-positive-covid-test 

[28] Anne Longfield. Children in the time of Covid. https://www.childrenscommissioner.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/cco-childhood-in-the-time-of-covid.pdf 

[29] BBC Panorama. ‘Generation Covid' hit hard by the pandemic, research reveals.  https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-54662485 

[30] Gupta S, Heneghan C, Sikora K et al.  Boris must urgently rethink his Covid strategy. https://www.spectator.co.uk/article/boris-needs-to-rethink-his-covid-strategy 

[31] Open letter to Matt Hancock. Cannon E et al. https://twitter.com/Dr_Ellie/status/1312380456147595264 

[32] Kulldorff M, Gupta S, Bhattacharya J. The Great Barrington Declaration. https://gbdeclaration.org/

Name 

Role 

Qualifications

Adrian Davis 

General Practitioner MB BCh, MRCGP 

Adrian Payne 

Pharmacologist (retired), BSc(Hons) PhD 

Adrian Walley 

Dental Surgeon, Bachelor of Dental Surgery 1984 London 

Adrienne Betteley 

Nurse 

RN Adult Specialist Practitioner District Nursing 

Alan Browne 

Company director, HND, BSc Hons, MPhil, PhD. 

Alan Maries 

Environmental scientist 

MA, PhD, Visiting Professor in Environmental Technology, University of Greenwich 

Alan McGhee 

Research Scientist and Retired Teacher 

MSc. Analytical Chemistry 

Alasdair Lennox 

General Practitioner (Retired) 

MBBS 

Alex Jones 

Post-doctoral research associate 

PhD (Biochemistry), concerned citizen 

Alex Tardioli 

General Practitioner 

MBBCh, MRCGP, MSci 

Alexandra Oliver 

Dentist 

BDS 

Alexandra Trevenen 

Consultant 

PhD analytical chemistry 

Ali Menzies 

Customer Services/Nurse 

RGN, RMN, BSc (commendation) 

Alison Elsey 

General Practitioner 

MRCGP MBBS,  bsc 

Alison Young 

Staff nurse 

BSc nursing 

Amanda Bailey 

Chiropractor 

Master of Chiropractic degree 

Amanda Cairns 

Occupational Health Nurse 

SCPHN MSc (OH) 

Amy Mulholland 

Speech and Language Therapist 

BSc; MSc 

Andrea Wood 

Nutritional Therapist 

DipION  

Andres Novo Nunez 

Project Manager 

MSc Chemical Engineering 

Andrew Crisp 

Nurse 

SRN, RMN 

Andrew Hill 

Podiatrist 

DHealth student; MSc Podiatry; BSc (Hons) 

Andrew Kingston 

Science graduate 

BSc (Hons) 

Andrew Magrath 

Pharmacist 

BSc(Hons) Pharmacy; GPhC Registered. 

Andrew Thomas 

Psychotherapist 

MA Couple and Family Therapy, BACP (Accred) 

Angela Collyer 

Psychotherapist 

Advanced Diploma 

Angela Parkinson 

Physiotherapist 

BSc(Hons) Physiotherapy 

Ann Armor 

Comunity Mental Health Nurse 

Bachelor of Nursing; Registered Mental Health Nurse 

Annabelle Thorne 

Chiropractor 

MChiro, DC 

Anne Close 

Nurse 

E.N Dip Orthopaedic nursing (Hns) 

Anthony D Lander 

Paediatric Surgeon 

PhD FRCS(Paed) DCH 

Anthony Hemmings 

Psychology graduate 

BSc Honours Pychology 

Anthony Hinton 

Consultant Surgeon 

MB ChB, FRCS 

Anthony Martin 

Science graduate 

BSc 

Anthony Toovey 

General Practitioner (Retired) 

MB. ChB, DRCOG, MRCP, MRCGP 

Arleen Scholten 

Chiropractor 

MChiro 

Arturo Barnes 

Osteopath 

MOst 

Astrid Sherwood 

Chiropractor 

BSc, MSC, DC 

Audrey Lacey 

Doctor 

MB, BCh, BAO, DRCOG 

Aynoa Lecea 

Dentist 

BDS Dental Surgery 

Beki Price 

Senior Nursery Nurse 

BTec,  Diploma in Nursery Nursing 

Bernard Freudenthal 

Physician 

MBBS, MRCP 

Blair Nimmo 

Electronic engineer 

BSc Hons 

Brenda Hunter 

IT Consultant 

BSc(Hons) Chemistry, IT and Instrumentation 

Bridget le Huray 

Health Visitor 

SRN; RSCN; HV 

Brigitte Mehr 

Therapist and parent 

BSc(Hons), ITEC, CIBTAC 

Bryce Taylor 

Doctor 

MBChB, DCH, DRCOG, MRCGP 

C K Robinson 

Scientist 

BSc (Hons), DPhil (Oxon), MSc (KCL) 

C.Geoffrey Maidment 

Consultant Physician 

MD, FRCP 

Caitlin Teague 

Antenatal and Postnatal Practitioner, Parent 

Fd Birth & Beyond, BA Hons Integrated Working with Children & Families 

Callum Cox 

Intensive Care Nurse 

BNURS (Hons) degree 

Camellia Kojouri 

Educational Psychologist 

Doctorate in Educational Psychology, PGCE, BSc (Hons) 

Cardin Pasturel 

Chiropractor 

MChiro 

Carl V Campbell 

Doctor (retired) 

MB BCH BAO DRCOG DTM&H DMS Med 

Caroline Fagan 

Physiotherapy 

BSc Physiotherapy 

Carolyn Jackson 

Dental surgeon 

BDS 

Cassie Coleman 

Consultant community paediatrician 

BM, MRCPCH 

Catherine Allen 

Therapist 

MFHT, MBAUK 

Catherine Silcock 

Chiropractor 

MSc DC 

Catherine Young 

Registered nurse (Retired) 

BA (Health Studies) 

Catriona McGee 

Nurse/Therapist 

Dip C.A 

Cecile Benezech 

Scientist 

PhD Immunology 

Ceri Willicombe 

Nurse & midwife 

RGN RM HV 

Charlotte Galt 

Nurse, journalist 

BSc, BA 

Chris Collins 

Biomedical Scientist 

FIBMS 

Chris Goodfellow 

Emeritus Consultant O&G. Associate Lecturer Medical School 

LRCP MRCS MBBS FRCOG 

Chris Hall 

Chemist 

BSc Hons 

Christine Jacomb 

Registered Nurse 

BSc 

Christopher Boitz 

General Practitioner 

MBChB (Dundee 2007) BSc (hons) 

Christopher Pickard 

Chriopractor 

BSc 

Christopher Vaz 

Doctor 

MBBS BSc 

Christopher Whitehead 

Dental Surgeon 

BDS 

Claire Bowker 

Staff Nurse 

DipHE Adult Nurse 

Claire Freeland 

Project Manager 

MSc BSc 

Claire Hinton 

Community Nurse 

BSc  

Claire Irvine 

Soft Tissue Therapist 

BTEC Soft Tissue Therapy 

Clare Craig 

Doctor 

BM BS FRCPath 

Clare Pettitt 

Chiropractor 

MSc (Chiro) 2000 

Claudia dickens 

Veterinary nurse 

DVN 

Claudia Wilkinson 

General Practitioner (retired) 

MB BChir, MA Hons Cantab (Pharmacology) 

Colette Hickling 

Social worker 

BA Social work 

Colin Axon 

University academic (Engineering) 

PhD 

Colin Croft 

Science graduate 

BSc Post graduate corporate and change management 

Colin Jennings 

Allied Health Professional 

MSc, BSc, BSc 

Cornelia Libal 

Pharmacist 

PGClinDip, MRPharmS, MBA 

CraigTucker 

Sports therapist 

BCMA accreditation 

D Brassington 

Forensic Scientist 

MSc 

Damian Clayton 

Dental hygienist 

BSc in Health Science. Diploma in dental hygiene 

Daniel Santos 

Radiographer 

Radiographer diploma 

Darius Radley 

Radiographer 

MSc General MRI radiological reporting 

David Belcher 

Data Analyst 

MSci 

David Cudlip 

Nurse 

BSc (Hons) Adult Nursing 

David Green 

Consultant Intensivist and Anaesthetist 

MB ChB FRCA FFICM MBA 

David Hay 

General Practitioner 

MBChB, MRCGP 

David Keatley 

Lecturer 

PhD 

Dean Patterson 

Physician 

MBChB, FRCP 

Debbie Collins 

Social worker 

MA social work 

Debbie Rash 

General Practitioner 

MBChB MRCP MRCGP DFSRH 

Deborah Tattersall 

Consultant Radiologist 

BSc (Hons), MB ChB (Hons), MRCP, FRCR 

Diane Macgregor 

Nurse 

RGN,Bsc nursing, nurse practioner 

Diane Nicholas 

Counsellor 

BSc 

Diane Watson 

Physiotherapist 

MCSP 

Diane Wright 

Health Visitor 

Registered Midwife Bsc and SCPHN Health Visiting 

Donald Wallace 

Surgeon 

FRCS(Ortho) 

Dora Paal 

Consultant Anaesthetists 

MD, DESA 

Dr Brian Goss 

General Practitioner 

BSc, MBBS, MRCGP 

Dr Brian Hands 

General Practitioner 

MBBS 

Dr Darrin M Disley OBE 

Scientist / CEO / Educator 

BSc, PhD, DSc 

Dr David Bramble 

Child Psychiatrist 

MD MRCPdych MB ChB 

Dr David Robins 

Retired consultant anaesthetist, intensivist, medicolegal expert 

MB BS LRCP MRCS DipobsRCOG FRCA 

Dr David Taylor 

Environmental & Regulatory Scientist 

BSc, PhD, CChem, FRSC, FCIWEM 

Dr Ellie Cannon 

General Practitioner, author 

MA (Cantab) MBBS MRCGP 

Dr Emily Fussey 

General Practitioner 

MBBS MRCGP 

Dr Finn Nesbitt 

Consultant Anaesthetist 

MBChB BSc FRCA 

Dr Graham Barker 

General Practitioner 

LRCP, MRCS, MRCGP 

Dr Helen Cathro 

Senior medical writer 

BSc(Hons), MRes, PhD 

Dr Helen McArdle 

General Practitioner 

MBChB(Hons) BSc(Hons) MRCP MRCGP DRCOG PGDip 

Dr Howard Taylor 

Veterinary Surgeon as well as Mental Health Facilitator 

BVSc (Hons) MRCVS 

Dr Jennie Duprey 

Clinical Psychologist, parent 

BSc(Hons), Doctorate in Clinical Psychology 

Dr Jennine Taylor 

General Practitioner 

BSc Hons Biochemistry. MBChB 

Dr John Diggle 

Doctor 

MB Bch 

Dr John Tully 

Consultant Psychiatrist 

MB BCh MRCPsych 

Dr Karen Neil 

Pharmacist- Health and Wellbeing Education 

PhD MRPharmsGB 

Dr Mariana Funes 

Chartered Psychologist 

BA MSc PhD CPsychol 

Dr Mike Yeadon 

Biotech consultant 

BSc Biochem/Tox; PhD Pharmacology 

Dr Niall McCrae 

Mental health nursing 

PhD RMN MSc 

Dr Philip G. Hollywood 

Consultant in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 

BSc(Hons), MB BS, FFARCS 

Dr Rachel Mahoney 

Clinical Psychologist 

CPsychol., DClinPsych., PGDip., BSc Hons 

Dr Renée Hoenderkamp 

General Practitioner 

BSc(Hons) MBBS MRCGP 

Dr Rhiannon Jones 

Clinical Psychologist  

ClinPsyD 

Dr Ricky Freeman 

General Practitioner 

BM 

Dr Robert Bell 

Psychologist. Grandparent. 

BSc. PhD. 

Dr Ruth Wadman 

Research Fellow in Health Sciences 

PhD, MRes, BSc 

Dr Sara Smith 

Psychiatrist 

MBChB MRCPsych 

Dr Stephen Bentley 

Consultant General & Acute Physician 

MB FRCP DTM&H 

Dr Susan Hardy 

Consultant Psychiatrist 

Bsc (Hons) MBBS MRCPsych 

Dr Susie Coughlan 

Veterinary Surgeon 

BVSc (Hons) PhD (Immunology) MRCVS 

Dr Vivienne Hornby 

Consultant Anaesthetist 

B.Sc., MB.ChB., MMed (Anaes) 

Dr Zenobia Storah 

Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychologist 

MA, Dip.Psych, DClinPsy, CPsychol. 

Duncan White 

Hospital manager, international health system consultant 

RMN RGN DMS MBA MA PhD MRSPH MIHM MHFMA FCMI 

Eileen Buckley 

Dentist 

BDS NUI Hons 

Eleanor Livings 

Optometrist 

BSc MCOptom 

Elena Dix 

Radiologist 

Elinor Young 

General Practitioner 

BMBS 

Elizabeth Aspinall 

Science graduate 

BSc 

Elizabeth Dibsdale 

Nurse 

RGN 

Elizabeth Scholes 

Chiropractor 

BSc(Hons) chiropractic 

Ellen Dean-Mcshane 

Nurse 

RGN Diploma 

Ellen Wainberg 

Occupational Therapist 

MSc Occupational Therapy 

Emily 

Podiatrist 

BSc hons Podiatry 

Emily Quinn 

Microbiologist 

BSc Microbiology 

Emma campbell 

Ex - Biomedical Scientist 

BSc biomedical science MSc biomedical science 23 years in a microbiology laboratory 

Emma Hall 

Occupational Therapist 

BSc(Hons) Occupational Therapy 

Emma Riggs 

Clinical psychologist 

D Psych Sv; Dip Clin Neuropsych; Dip Forensic Psych 

Emma Smith 

Mental Health Social Worker 

BA (Hons) in Social Work and Diploma in Social Work and Post Graduate Diploma in Mental Health 

Emma Thorpe 

Foot Health Practitioner 

BA(HONS) DipFHP 

Erica Roberts 

Dental Nurse 

NEBDN 

Faye Ferris 

Clinical Psychologist 

BSc DClinPsy 

Fiona Nicol 

General Practitioner 

MBBS FRCP(Edin) FRCGP 

Francis Pilkington 

General Practitioner 

MBChB MRCGP 

Gail Stewart 

Clinical Manager 

RN 

Galina Dimitrova 

Registered nurse 

RGN 

Gary Potter 

Consultant 

BSc (Quantity Surveying) LLM 

Gemma Kemp 

Pathologist 

MBBS, FRCPath 

Georgie Burns 

Nurse 

DIP HE Nursing & Masters Diploma Advanced Nursing Practice 

Gillian Hawke 

Nurse 

BSc hons 

Gillian Jamieson 

Psychotherapist 

MAHons, PGDip Counselling Psychology, MBACP 

Graham Balin 

General Practitioner 

MBBS DRCOG FRACGP 

Graham Clark 

Managing Director 

BSc DipPS DipPSc 

Graham Crawley 

Medicinal Chemist 

BSc PhD 

Graham Holman 

Physiotherapist 

Bsc(hons) Physiotherapy 

Graham Marshall 

Psychology 

PhD M.Psych B.Psych 

Hannah Januszczyk  

Mental health Pharmacist  

MPharm  

Hans Brown 

Dentist 

BDS MSc 

Harriet Timms 

Senior Analyst 

BA GDL 

Harry Delmar 

Dentist 

BChD (Stell) 

Hayley Howard 

Occupational Therapist. 

BSC honours in Occupational Therapy 

Hedley Rees 

Author and consultancy owner in life sciences 

BEng (Tech) Hons, DMS, Exec MBA (Cranfield), MCIPS. 

Heike Burger 

General Practitioner 

MRCGP DRCOG MED STATE EXAM 

Helen Andrewes 

General practitioner 

MBBS MRCGP DFFP MA 

Helen Bloor 

Registered Nurse 

RN 

Helen Braden 

Dental surgeon 

BDS 

Helen Browne 

Nurse 

SRN 

Helen Heaton 

General Practitioner 

BM BS MRCGP 

Helen Kidd 

Paediatric nurse 

RSCN.RGN 

Helen Marshall 

Nurse 

RGN, BSc 

Helen Tinsley 

Physiotherapist 

MCSP Grad dip phys 

Henry Pietkiewicz 

Science graduate 

BSc (Hons) Sociology 

Howard Carter 

Therapist 

Many 

Ian Bridges 

General Practitioner 

MBBS 

Ian Comaish 

Eye Surgeon 

MA BM BCh FRCOphth 

Ian Comaish 

Ophthalmologist 

MA, BM BCh, FRCOphth 

Ian Doble 

Chiropractor 

Masters degree in Chiropractic 

Irene McLean 

Laboratories 

None 

Ivan Lowe 

Lecturer 

BSc (Human Biology), PGCE, PhD 

Jacqueline 

Dementia Care 

Dementia and Senior Care 

Jacqueline Gartside 

Nursing 

RGN 

Jacqueline Lewington 

District Nurse 

RGN ENB 998 ENB 100 

Jade Dorrian 

PhD Researcher 

MSc Psychology, PhD candidate 

James Cook 

Registered Nurse 

Bachelor of Nursing (Hons), Master in Public Health 

James Le Fanu 

Doctor of Medicine 

BA MB BChir FRCP 

James Pearson 

General Practitioner 

MB BS MRCS LRCP 

Jan Delamere 

Nurse 

BN (Child), BSc (Hons) Biochemistry 

Jan Wright 

Nurse 

RGN 

Jane Bolton 

Teacher and Examiner 

MPhil PGCE 

Jane Hutton 

Nursery nurse 

NNEB 

Jane Moore 

Masters in Public health 

RGN MPH 

Jane Nightingale 

Substance misuse counsellor 

Bachelor Behavioural Sciences 

Janine Pommer 

Paediatric Physiotherapist 

BSc Physiotherapy 

Jean denton 

Physiotherapist 

BSc; MSc 

Jen Marsh 

Retired health visitor 

SRN HV 

Jennifer Aspey 

Veterinary Surgeon 

BVM&S MRVCS 

Jennifer Baldwin 

Nurse 

RN  

Jennifer Hikins 

Mental health support worker 

BA (Hons) Social Work 

Jennifer Johnston 

Nurse 

BSc Adult Nursing 

Jennifer MacNab 

Nurse (Retired)  

BSc Rural Health Studies RGN, ONC 

Jeremy English 

Chiropractor 

Chiropractic Diploma 

Jeremy Fletcher 

Consultant paediatrician 

MBBS MA MD MRCP 

Jessie Shaw 

General Practitioner (retired) 

MB ChB 

Jo Molony 

General Practitioner  

MA; MBBS 

Jo North 

Speech and Language Therapist 

BSc Linguistics & Language Pathology 

Jo Rogers 

Occupational Therapist 

DipCOT, SROT, CMS 

Joanna Davis 

Senior Biomedical Scientist 

Natural Science (Hons) degree and various BMS academic qualifications 

Joanne Eldon 

Nurse 

BSc Hons degree nurse practitioner 

Joanne Hynd 

Mental Health Nursing 

BA (Hons) RN 

Joanne Scott 

Chiropodist/aesthetician 

MAFHP. CIDESCO. iHBC. 

Joanne Wise 

Registered Chiropractor, functional nutritionist, 

MChiro, MSc, BSc 

Jocelyn Hammer 

Disability Qualified Tribunal Member 

MA, PGCE 

Joe Farnell 

Doctor 

PhD MD 

John Anderson 

Dentist 

BDS MSc 

John Baker 

Science graduate 

BSc 

John Biggerstaff 

Research Immunologist 

PhD 

John Collis 

Nurse Practitioner 

PGCert(advanced practice), BSc(Hons) Nursing, BA(Hons)  

John Cooke 

Physicist, parent 

MA, PhD 

John Firth 

Dental Surgeon 

BDS 

John Ryan 

Clinical Educator 

MS Medical Informatics RT(R) 

Jon Toward 

Chiropractor 

BSc(Hons), MSc(Chiro), DC, MRCC, CCEP 

Jonathan Aldred 

Economist 

PhD  

Jonathan Eastwood 

General Practitioner 

BSc MBChB MRCGP 

Jonathan Engler 

Doctor 

MBChB and LlB 

Jonathan Furniss 

Engineer 

PhD 

Jonathan McVicar 

Laboratory technician 

Biomedical engineering 

Jonathan Terranova 

Mental Health Support Worker 

Bachelor of the arts 

Jonathan Walczak 

Surgeon 

MBBS BSC FRCS FRCS (Tr and Orth) 

Jude Bradley 

Counselling Psychologist 

Psychology, MA 

Julia Wilkens 

Consultant Obstetrician 

FRCOG, MD 

Julian Keel 

Chiropractor 

BSc DC 

Julie Maxwell 

Paediatrician, parent 

MBBCh MRCPCH 

JWB 

Nurse 

SRN 

Karen Kerr 

Nurse , community nursing sister 

RNLD ENB806 C&G730 DIP Epilepsy care Counselling centra level 2 

Kate 

Nutritionist 

BSc Dip ION IFMCP 

Kate Perham 

NHS safeguarding lead 

RN child 

Katerina Tsokova 

Consultant Radiologist 

FRCR 

Kath Diggle 

Nurse 

RGN 

Katherine Price 

Physiotherapist 

BSc (Hons) Physiotherapy MCSP. 

Kathleen A Freeman 

Nursing (retired) 

SRN 

Kathleen Hurley 

Nurse 

SEN 

Kathryn Cooper 

Clinical psychologist 

ClinPsyD 

Kathryn Foye 

Senior Staff Nurse (NICU) 

RN part 1 and part 8 of register 

Kathryn Haslam 

Chiropractor 

BSc 

Kathryn Hawkins 

Nurse 

RGN 

Kathryn Howard 

NHS 

Nursing assistant 

Katie Dhingra 

Associate Professor (Psychology) 

PhD 

Katie Dighe 

Mental health nurse and health practitioner 

RMN 

Katie Woodland 

Psychologist 

MSc Applied Child Psychology, BA Criminology and Psychology, MBPsS, SNHS 

Katrina Young 

General Practitioner 

MBChB 

Kaya k. 

Therapist 

Counselling 

Keith Rolles 

Consultant Surgeon(retired) 

MA, MS, FRCS. 

Kelly Cheyne 

Occupational Health Nurse Advisor 

BSc Occupational Health. DIPHEN Nursing 

Kelvyn Sheppard 

Chief Biomedical Scientist 

FIBMS 

Khush 

Health care 

PhD oncology 

Kim Broderick 

Nurse 

Diploma in Nursing 

Kim E Wallace 

Nursing 

RGN, RMN, RM, BSc 

Kirsty 

Nurse 

RGN 

Kirsty McLean 

Psychologist 

Chartered psychologist 

Kristian Hudson 

Doctor 

PhD 

Laurence A. 

Social Care Professional 

Lasantha Wijesinghe 

Consultant surgeon 

MA MD MB BChir FRCS 

Laura Allen 

Doctor 

MB BChir BSc 

Laura Coad 

NHS Clinical Effectiveness Lead Specialist 

1st class BSc Biochemistry, MSc Advanced Clinical Practice 

Laura Raymond 

Consultant Clinical Psychologist 

DClinPsych, BscHons 

Leah 

Mental Health Practitioner, Psychotherapist 

NLP Trainer, Adv Clinical Hypnotherapist & Psychotherapist 

Lesley Johnson 

Biomedical Scientist 

FIBMS 

Lin 

Midwife 

RM 

Linda Tomlin 

Nurse 

RN 

Lis Waller 

Children's Nurse 

SRN RSCN 

Lisa Avery 

Microbiologist  

PhD 

Lisa Henderson 

Nurse 

RGN 

Lisa Menozzi 

General Practitioner 

MBBS BSc Immunology MSc Public Health 

Lisa Wadd 

Speech & Language Therapist 

BSc in Clinical Language Sciences 

Livia Pontes 

Clinical Psychologist 

CPsychol AFBPsS 

Lorna Ower 

Associate Practitioner in Histopathology. 

Msc (Science) 

Louise Coates 

Advanced Clinical Nurse Practitioner 

PH Dip Advanced Nursing Practice, BSc Adult Nursing 

Louise Katz 

Psychologist 

BA, MSc, MBPS 

Lucy Belgrave 

Care co-ordinator 

BSc health and well being / NVQ5 leadership and management im health social care 

Lucy Hunn 

Pharmacist 

BPharm (Hons) 

Lucy Peat 

Scientist 

PhD 

Lynn Donoghue 

Microelectronics Engineer 

BSc (Hons) Natural Sciences with Chemistry 

Lynn Pantling 

Nurse 

RGN 

Lynne Wilson 

Data Scientist  

MSc 

Malcolm Sadler 

General Practitioner 

MBBS; DRCOG; FRCGP 

Manhal Ali 

Research Fellow 

PhD 

Margaret Allan 

State Enrolled Nurse 

SEN 

Margaret Willoughby 

Registered Nurse 

BSc in Critical Care; Advanced Diploma in Nursing;  

Margret Watson 

Community mental health nurse 

BA Nursing Studies (Mental Health) 

Maria Law 

Nurse 

LPN 

Marie-Christine Dix 

Chiropractor 

MChiro 

Mariusz D. Korycki 

Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon 

MD 

Mary Ann Dowrick 

Family nurse Practitioner (retired) 

RN, BSN, MN 

Maryellen Stephens 

Chiropractor 

MSc (Chiro); DC 

Marzena Abdulrazak 

Nurse 

GPN 

Matthew Reid 

Research Scientist 

PhD Chemistry/Computational Chemistry 

Melissa Bittner 

Former Registered Nurse, A.A.S. 

Geriatrics, Orthopedics, Renal Disease 

Melissa Mclaggan 

Sonographer 

Post Graduate Diploma Ultrasound, BSc Homs Radiography 

Michael D Bell 

General Practitioner 

MBChB Edin(1978) MRCGP(1989) 

Michael Martin 

Medical Microbiologist  

MB BS MSc FRCPath 

Michelle Davies 

Osteopath 

BSc Hons Ost 

Mirko Cirkovic 

Clinical psychologist 

HCPC registered Clinical Psychologist 

Mohammed Arshad 

Registered Clinical Technologist 

BSc (Hons) 

Mohammed Othman 

Oral surgeon 

BDS 

Mr Csaba Marafko 

Consultant Surgeon 

MD, MSc, FRCS(Eng) 

Mr Sudip Ray  

Consultant Surgeon 

MA MS FRCS 

Mrs K Hooper 

Retired Specialist Public Health Nurse, paediatric nurse. 

Postgraduate SN (Brunel), BA (Open), RN (Paediatrics), Dio Theology (LBC) Childrens. 

Muhammad Raihan 

Doctor 

MBChB 

Myra Forster-van Hijfte 

Veterinary surgeon  

DVM, CertVR certSAM DipECVIM FRCVS 

Name withheld 

Allied Health Professional 

BSc(hons) 

Name withheld 

Atmospheric modelling scientist 

PhD 

Name withheld 

Clinical Nurse Specialist 

RN 

Name withheld 

Clinical Psychologist 

BSc Hons, D.Clin.Psych 

Name withheld 

Clinical Psychologist consultant 

Doctorate in Clinical Psychology 

Name withheld 

Consultant Oncologist 

BSc, MBBS, MRCP, DPhil 

Name withheld 

Data scientist, clinical trials 

BSc Environmental Science 

Name withheld 

Dentist 

BDS 

Name withheld 

Doctor 

MBBS 

Name withheld 

Doctor 

MBChB, BSc Medical Sciences 

Name withheld 

Doctor 

BSc, MBChB, 

Name withheld 

Psychiatrist 

MBBS 

Name withheld 

General Practitioner 

MBChB DRCOG MRCGP 

Name withheld 

Health visitor 

RGN BA public health nursing 

Name withheld 

Healthy Family Support Practitioner 

CYPWF 

Name withheld 

IT support 

BMedSci 

Name withheld 

Maxillo- Facial Prosthesetist [Retired] 

BA Hons;  HNC 

Name withheld 

NHS receptionist/administrator 

BTec national diploma 

Name withheld 

Nurse 

BA (hons) and nursing diploma 

Name withheld 

Nurse 

Cardiac Specialist Nurse 

Name withheld 

Nurse 

SRN DN 

Name withheld 

Nurse 

RN 

Name withheld 

Nurse 

SSN 

Name withheld 

Nurse 

RMN 

Name withheld 

Nurse 

RN 

Name withheld 

Nurse 

Dip HE Adult Nursing 

Name withheld 

Nutrition and allergy specialist 

Diploma Allergy Therapy and Degree 

Name withheld 

Occupational Therapist 

BSc Occupational Therapy 

Name withheld 

Pharmacist  

MPharm  

Name withheld 

Physician (retired) 

BSc, MB, ChB, MD, FRCP, FFPM 

Name withheld 

Podiatrist 

BSc HCPC 

Name withheld 

Psychiatrist 

MBBS 

Name withheld 

Psychotherapist 

Degrees in Psychology and counselling 

Name withheld 

Radiographer 

PgDip radiotherapy and oncology 

Name withheld 

Science graduate 

Master of Science in biology and engineering 

Name withheld 

Social worker 

BSc Hons Social Work 

Name withheld 

Specialist Nurse 

Diploma of Higher Education in Nursing 

Name withheld 

Therapist 

ACHO 

Nancy Gillespie 

Nurse 

RGN RMN BSc prof Health Studies 

Nanette Waring 

Nurse & business owner 

BA RGN NEBOSH 

Naomi Mason 

Assistant Director Children’s Services 

RN, BSc (hons) MSc, 

Naomi Simcock 

Clinical Psychologist 

BSc DClinPsy 

Natalie Robertson 

Chiropractor 

Mtech SA Chiropractic, OM UK 

Neil Frost 

Optometrist 

MCOptom BSc Hons 

Neil Bradbury 

Surgeon 

MB ChB, FRCS, FRCS Orth 

Neil Cox 

Chiropractic 

BSc (Hons) MSc (Chiropractic) 

Nel Anderson 

Psychologist 

BSc 

Nichola Ling 

Consultant Obstetrician 

MBBS MRCOG 

Nicholas Easey 

Optician 

FBDO SMCtech 

Nicola McQuaid 

Retired registered nurse 

RGN 

Nicola Webster 

Nurse 

BSc (Hons) Nursing Studies 

Nicolas Cupper 

Doctor 

MBBS DRCOG 

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